Coastal Livelihood Assessment in Southwest Sumba

Terms of Reference

Coastal Livelihood Assessment in Southwest Sumba


Established in 2007, Southwest Sumba is one of the poorest districts in Eastern Indonesia with a population of 308.438 (2014 estimate), the highest of other districts on the island. Agriculture is the biggest sector in Southwest Sumba with around 90% of the labor force working in agriculture with a fairly even split between male and female participation. However, on the north, west and southern parts, the district also has 147 km of coastal areas with active fishing culture, tourism potentials, and large coastal communities.

From initial observation and discussions with local communities and authorities, WLF took note of the following conditions:

·        The presence of coastal communities with some fishing activities that supplies to markets             outside of Sumba, i.e. Bali, Lombok;

·        Lack of domestic demand within Southwest Sumba for fish and seafood at household and          community levels;

·        Underdeveloped income-generating activities including tourism potentials, i.e. mangrove,  eco-tourism, seaweed, salt farm, etc.

WLF is keen to have a better understanding of the coastal livelihood potentials, constraints facing these coastal communities, and the above-mentioned assumptions through an assessment. This assessment is expected to provide WLF with information of current livelihoods and income-generating activities carried out at household and community level. Results from this assessment will provide WLF with information to develop a potential economic empowerment program with a focus on sustainable development for coastal communities and areas that maximized local resources and improve the adaptive capacity of targeted communities. At a more general level, WLF hopes to link such economic empowerment program with its health and/or education programs in Southwest Sumba. Therefore, WLF is also interested in the household demographic data and adaptive capacity that can help vulnerable households manage their own resources, particularly in building household resilience during non-productive season to secure reliable food sources and income.

About WLF

The William and Lily Foundation (WLF) is a Jakarta-based philanthropic organization established in 2009. Our mission is to empower vulnerable and marginalized communities by bridging learning with access to opportunities. As an active grant-making foundation, we work closely with local implementation partners on three focus areas: Education, Health and Economic Empowerment.


WLF seeks a Consultant (organization/individual or team of individuals) to conduct a coastal livelihood assessment in Southwest Sumba. The assessment will be an exercise to gain an accurate and realistic understanding of how these households’ secure basic necessities by utilizing existing assets (human, social, natural, physical or financial) and how coastal communities of Southwest Sumba convert these assets into positive livelihood outcomes.

WLF is also keen to learn of suitable entry points for future support program(s) based on results of the assessment, as well as in better understanding the prevailing cultural practices and types of structures and processes that can “transform” assets into livelihood outcomes, including existing coping strategies and opportunities to develop new ones.


The assessment is envisioned to collect data and information from select locations which may include households in WLF program locations in Southwest Sumba. By having these households as target respondents and other key stakeholders, WLF hopes that the assessment can provide the following insights:

1.      All livelihood assets (human, social, natural, physical, and financial) of target respondents,                      including  assets that are accessible and available to the households and food consumption pattern.

2.   Mapping of existing fishing, marine or coastal related income-generating activities, including                   information regarding land-ownership and other inputs.

3.      Mapping of local demand for fish and/or other seafood in Sumba.

4.      Level of fishing/marine/coastal-related knowledge, skills, resources, practices and access of target       respondents to check on vulnerabilities, constraints and limitations of fishing/marine and coastal-            related activities at household level;

5.    Coping strategies and activities to address existing constraints in coastal livelihood, including                 current strategies to ensure stable purchasing power or food production for household consumption.

6.   Target respondents stated needs, in terms of coastal livelihood improvements – what knowledge,           skills or access, lacking or needed by households to allow them to make better decisions regarding        their livelihoods, including level of financial literacy of target respondents.

7.   Mapping commodity supply and value chains, including the role of target respondents (men and             women) along the supply and value chains, i.e. identification of key commodities and/or income             generating activities, cold storage capacity and potential, capacity to generate sustainable                      livelihoods,  possible pathways to move up the value chain beyond the production of raw goods,             market access, etc.

8.   Viable social accountability approach (group/community activities) that can improve household’s             adaptive capacity and resilience.

9.  Mapping of government programs or schemes to develop and support fisheries/aqua-                            culture/marine-  related activities for coastal communities, including any local regulations.

10.   Mapping of government support to improve household resilience for the lean seasons and                     disaster   mitigation in coastal communities.

The assessment is also expected to cover at least three (3) villages with on-going WLF programs and five (5) villages with no WLF presence in Southwest Sumba. Final selection of the villages and target households will be done following a discussion with WLF and gathering of input from WLF’s implementing partners.

WLF also hope that the assessment can provide insights to possible linkages between an economic empowerment support program and WLF’s health and/or education programs 


Prospective Consultant is expected to deliver a Coastal Livelihood Assessment report on Southwest Sumba. Both qualitative and quantitative data will be used to investigate and analyze the issues that informed the livelihood assessment. These included primary and secondary data collected from target respondents, key stakeholders, and other sources. Emphasis will be placed on delivery of the following information:

·   Demographic profile of target respondents (age, sex, occupation, education status, wage rate,               vulnerable household members, productive assets, source of income from fishing/marine/coastal and     non-fishing/marine/coastal activities, food consumption pattern, knowledge of nutrition/nutritious             food,   food and non-food expenditure, women’s contribution to fishing/non-fishing activities, etc.);

·       Information on household adaptive capacity during lean months or natural disaster, including                  access   to financial support;

·     Information on fishing/aqua-culture/marine/coastal productivity (assets, land or ownership of other           inputs, seasonal calendar, etc.) of areas where target respondents live and/or work;

·        Information on the demand side on commodities and/or products;

·      Average yield of select commodities of target respondents (current), including a mapping of                     commodity supply and value chains,  and storage facility/potential;

·        Identification of potential or new key commodities and/or other income-generating activities;

·     Mapping of government strategies and policies to support fishing/aqua-culture/marine/coastal               development agenda, including a focus on production and livelihoods of its population, such as                access to skills training and other support (financial or non-financial).


The assessment is expected to start in mid-January 2021 and prospective consultant will be expected to submit their final findings within 3 (three) months from the start of data collection activities.

Selection Criteria

WLF is looking for experienced organization and/or individual(s) with extensive knowledge of coastal livelihood issues of vulnerable and marginalized households in remote areas with challenging climate and geographical conditions. Prospective consultant is expected to have extensive experience in conducting coastal livelihood assessment that focuses on community and participatory approach. Candidates should also possess the following qualifications:

·   Bachelor’s degree in fishery, marine science, development economics, food security, sustainable          development, natural resource management, business management, or relevant social sciences. A         master’s degree is preferred.

·     A minimum of 5 years’ experience in conducting social research or assessment for coastal livelihood    programs or involved in designing or implementing fishing/aqua-culture/marine/coastal livelihood            projects in Eastern Indonesia. Knowledge of Sumba, particularly Southwest Sumba is ideal.

·        Strong qualitative and quantitative skills in research methodology.

·        Strong interpersonal skills with experience in engaging local government, community leaders, and           civil society.

·        Strong leadership and management skills, including ability to manage a small team.

·        Ability to handle tight timeline and prioritize.

·        Prior experience of working in multicultural setting and sensitive to different cultural practices and           values.

·        Ability and willingness to travel.

·        Ability and willingness to adhere to strict Covid-19 health protocols.


Prospective consultants are expected to submit technical and financial proposals in English or Indonesian that includes the following:

A comprehensive and detailed proposal focusing on:

 Assessment of coastal livelihood assets and activities in Southwest Sumba, including   fishing/aqua-culture/marine/coastal income-generating activities;

 A detailed strategy and research methodology to be applied, including instruments to be   developed;

Proposed selection criteria for sample size, target respondents (households) and key stakeholders; 

Most recent Curriculum Vitae of individual team members with clear demonstration of previous experience in conducting coastal livelihood assessment or study and/or experience in implementing coastal/fishery/marine livelihood, food security or community economic empowerment programs;

Proposed work plan including level-of-effort and timeline for key activities and deliverables;

Proposed budget in Indonesian rupiah, including daily rate, budget allocation for activities, travel and accommodation, incidentals and other expenses;

A writing sample of the consultant(s)’s previous research or needs assessment work on livelihood, food security and/or community economic empowerment programs.


Please send the complete technical and financial proposals in English or Indonesian to by Sunday, 8 November 2020 at 24.00 WIB

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